くるま【車】 : kuruma | define meaning
Region: Honshu (Standard)
Any vehicle used for transportation or travel. A car; a vehicle; an automobile.
kuruma ni norimasu
"(I am) getting in the car", "(He) goes into the car"
chuuko no kuruma o utteimasu
"(I am) selling a used car", "(My) old vehicle is being sold off"
- A wagon; a carriage; a chariot
- A wheel, wheels
Originally used to refer to wheels, as well as wagons and chariots for hauling and transportation, the term was recently extended to include all types of superceding vehicles with the introduction of modern automobiles. The term is cognate to Kagoshima くいま kuima; Nakanojima くーま kuuma; and Takara Island かるま karuma "vehicle; car; wheel". It is also cognate to the rare variants くろま kuroma and くら kura, and is semantically related to くるくる kurukuru "whirling, spinning" and くるめく【眩めく】 kurumeku "to spin". The term may ultimately stem from the Sanskrit word कर्म karma "cycle; wheel".
In compound words, くるま kuruma is normally replaced by its Sino-Japanese reading しゃ -sha.