The word "left" in Japanese and Ryukyuan dialects

  1. 2 years ago

    Zachary

    Nov 2016 Administrator

    Here's a data list of how the word "left" (左) is pronounced in a range of Japanese and Ryukyuan varieties. All values are transcribed in the International Phonetics Alphabet (IPA).

    Japonic

    Proto-Japonic: *pidari

    Origin: Native. It's largely believed to originate from 日出り pi+tari "sun+rising".

    Japanese

    • Tokyo & Kansai: çidaɾi~çidaɺi
    • Hachijo (all islands): çidaɾi
    • Kagoshima: çidai

    Ryukyuan

    Amami

    • Onotsu & Sakamine: piʑai
    • Shitooke & Shiomichi: pidai
    • Aden: ɸidai
    • Kamikatetsu, Wan, Nakazato & Araki: çidaɾi
    • Shodon: çidʲaaɾʲi ~ çidʲaɾ

    Okinawa

    • Nakijin: pˣid͡ʑei, pˣid͡ʑai, pˣid͡ʑee
    • Shuri: çid͡ʑai

    Miyako

    • Uechi: pɨdal ~ pɨda
    • Yonaha: pˢɿ̥daᶻɿ
    • Kugai: pzdaz
    • Irabu: pʰidiɿ
    • Bora: pˢɿdaɿ ~ pˢɿdaᶻɿ
    • Kuninaka: pˢɨdaɭ
    • Oura: bᶻɿdaɿ
    • Shimajiri: bᶻɿdaᶻɿ
    • Kurima: pʰïdaɭ ~ psdaz
    • Ikema: çidai
    • Karimata: bïdaɯ ~ bzdaɯ
    • Sunagawa: ps̩daz̩ ~ ps̩daɿ
    • Ogami: pɯtɑɯ

    Macro-Yaeyama

    • Hateruma: pinaɾi
    • Hatoma: pidaɾi
    • Ishigaki: pɨdaɾɨ
    • Yonaguni: n̩dai

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